1. Computer Controlled Bio-ethanol Process Unit, with SCADA and PID Control
Among all biofuels, ethanol has been trusted as an alternate fuel for the future, being already produced on a great scale worldwide. In this sense, bioethanol is expected to be one of the dominating renewable biofuels in the transport sector within the coming years.
The Computer Controlled Bioethanol Process Unit (EBEC) has been designed to study and control the bioethanol production process on a laboratory scale. This unit allows monitoring and examining all the important processes, from liquefaction and saccharification of the raw materials to the conversion of sugar into ethanol and distillation.
2. Computer Controlled Bio-ethanol Process Unit, with SCADA and PID Control
Biogas generation through anaerobic breakdown is considered useful when treating biodegradable residues, since it generates valuable fuel, as well as an effluent that can be applied as a soil conditioning substance or generic fertilizer. This gas can be used to generate electrical energy by means of turbines or power plants working with gas, in ovens, heaters, driers, boilers or other combustion systems working with gas, properly adapted to such application.
The Computer Controlled Biogas Process Unit (EBGC) is supplied with two packed anaerobic digesters. In this way, the user can work either in only one stage or in two stages, separating the different phases of the digestion process (the processes of hydrolysis, acidogenesis and acetogenesis would take place in the first digester, and the methanogenesis in the second digester).
Both digesters have a heating blanket that allows regulating (PID Control) both the appropriate temperature for each part of the process and the operation with different ranges depending on the used microorganisms. Thus, it can operate at the psychrophilic range (room temperature), mesophilic range (temperatures around 35ºC) or thermophilic range (temperatures around 55ºC).
3. Computer Controlled Biodiesel Process Unit, with SCADA and PID Control
Biodiesel is a biological and renewable fuel. It is obtained from used or raw vegetable oils or animal fats. It is used in automobile engines as a substitute of the conventional fossil origin gas-oil.
Its main advantages are related to energy and the environment. Among the energy related advantages, we can mention that biodiesel constitutes a help for the energy diversification and farming sector activation. And among the environmental advantages we can mention the recycling of a residue such as used oil, or regarding the greenhouse effect, the fixation of the CO emitted in the biodiesel combustion during the growth of the 2 crops.
The process carried out by the “EBDC” unit consists on transforming the fatty acids contained in vegetable oils/animal fats into a high energy content biodiesels.
4. CT 110 Test stand for single cylinder four stroke diesel engine
This engine used to determine the performance of biofuels and its blending. The CT 110 test stand can be used for a wide range of experiments on small internal combustion engines with a power output of up to 7.5 kW. There is a choice of 4 different engines, which can be mounted on the base plate in the test stand as required. The engines can be investigated under full and partial load. A variable load and speed is used to determine the characteristic diagram for the engine. The interaction of the brake and the engine can also be investigated