Completed Researches

1. Title: Design and Develop of water pollution monitoring system on Lake Tana Using Wireless Sensor technology

Description: Water is essential for human survival. Lake Tana is the largest surface water and as surface water it is vulnerable to pollution due to natural process and anthropogenic influences. Nutrient enriched runoff from farmlands, pollutants from septic sewers and other human related activities increases the flux of both inorganic and organic substances into water which causes intense negative effects upon the quality of surface waters. Monitoring the water environment in a continuous fashion plays a great importance by collecting highly important data for the researchers to identify the problem on the lake and create the counter measurement as a solution to the problem. As the size of the lake Tana is huge and gathering data in real time on the different aspect of the lake is difficult, this research work tries to find a technological solution to the problem by using wireless sensor technology. The main aim of the research project is to design and develop integrated wireless Sensor technology platform system for monitoring the water pollution problem on Lake Tana.

Authors: Mr. Mebiratu Beyene (PI) and Dr. Tesfa Tegegne

2. Title: Emergency Patient and Ambulance Tracking system using GPS and GSM Technology

Description Emergencies caused by complications of health issues or an accident caused by a manmade or natural disaster are an occurrence in the life of human beings all over the world. To save the lives of the people in need of emergency medical care countries has established emergency departments by equipping them with the necessary resources, procedure, and technology. The capability and efficiency of emergency departments in developing countries are highly limited due to a lack of resources and poor emergency reporting and handling systems. The consequence of having an inefficient emergency department is the loss of the precious life of a
human being. In this work, a dual framework that assists in improving the efficiency of the current emergency reporting and handling system in developing countries model after the current system in Ethiopia is proposed. The framework allows people in need of emergency department services to use the GPS capability of their smartphone to report their location and the type of emergency to the available emergency department in their city or to a known friend or relative requesting their help. The emergency department personnel or relative of the victim can then use the navigation tool to reach the patient in time to provide the much need of assistance to the
person. The qualitative study done on the efficiency of the proposed method shows that the use of location-based service to both report accidents and for navigation to the destination of victims saves a lot of time compared to the existing system, which consequently saves lives.

Author: Getasew Tsedalu 

Status: Completed!

3. Title: Using E-Health Services to fill the chasm in the Healthcare Delivery System

Description: The advent of the rapidly advancing information and communication technologies have changed the world and influenced the way how tasks are done. Specifically, the development of internet, worldwide web and telecommunication infrastructures have ensured the rapid growth and dominance of the digital era across the world and hence, ICT influences all sectors of the economy.The Healthcare delivery system is also transformed by the advances in e-Health through supporting and reforming the healthcare systems and sharing resources.  E-Health offers the rich potential of supplementing traditional delivery of services and channels of communication in ways that extend the healthcare organization's ability to meet the needs of its patients. E-Health helps to enhance access to information and resources, to empower patients to make informed healthcare decisions, to streamline organizational processes and transactions, and provide improved quality of health services and patient satisfaction (Nazi Kim M, 2003). 

It is proved that ICTs have been applied in the healthcare delivery systems of Ethiopia and have changed the way healthcare services are delivered to patients using e-health applications. Many e-health applications have been developed and implemented in the healthcare systems of the country. Yet, the systems are not efficiently utilized by the stakeholders of the healthcare sector. A number of studies have also been conducted to ensure the successful implementation of those e-health systems. E-Health readiness assessment of healthcare professionals have been studied in some selected hospitals. A promising result was achieved from the investigation. However, such e-health services developed so far are still in their infancy stage. It has been repeatedly reported that those systems are under utilized by the healthcare professionals, patients and administrators of the sector. Therefore, this study  investigated the level of utilization of e-health services, assess the potential factors that affect the efficient utilization of e-health services and forward the possible alternative solutions.  

Author: Abinew Ali Ayele

Status: Completed!